Biodegradable or compostable papers
Paper is a 100% biodegradable material but, to facilitate the process of reintegration into the ecosystem, it has to break down and be returned to nature safely and correctly. In general, the biodegradability of every-day products and the ecological balance of the planet are very serious issues that involve all of us, day by day.
Biodegradability means that a material, given the right conditions of sunlight and presence of other physical agents, can be completely biodegraded by micro-organisms as bacteria and decompose into natural chemical elements such as water, carbon dioxide and methan which are assimilated by the soil.
A process that involves a multitude of materials and that provides a different degradation time for each of them. European legislation establishes that to be biodegradable a product must decompose by 90% within 6 months.
In case of non-biodegradable materials, they cannot break down easily after disposal and can remain on the planet as waste for decades increasing the environmental pollution.
Compostable (transformable into compost, a natural fertilizer) means instead a material that is biodegradable but that can also be disintegrated and whose decomposition process takes place in less than 3 months.